Orthotics are devices that help limit, guide, or immobilize a part of the body. In podiatry, this usually means shoe inserts. Orthotics are often custom made for individual patients and take into account the shape and size of the foot and the condition for which the patient is being treated. Orthotics are often used to treat:
- Foot and heel pain
- Arch pain
- Knee problems
- Diabetic nerve damage/neuropathy
Orthotics can be essential as a part of preventative podiatry; combined with physical therapy, orthotics, if used early enough, can often reduce or eliminate the need for surgery.