Corns and calluses are caused by pressure or friction on your skin. They often appear on feet where the bony parts of your feet rub against your shoes. Corns usually appear on the tops or sides of toes while calluses form on the soles of feet. Calluses can also appear on hands or other areas that are rubbed or pressed. Corns and calluses are common for those who:
- Wear narrow shoes such as high heels
- Have inherited defects such as hammer toes
Corns and calluses are not contagious but may become painful if they get too thick. In people with diabetes or decreased circulation, they can lead to more serious foot problems.
Treatments include changing shoes, using non-medicated pads, use of a washcloth or pumice stone, and cortisone injections for serious cases. Your podiatrist may shave part of the corn or callus off if it causes serious pain. Surgery may be recommended in rare cases.